100 entreprises responsables de plus de 70 % des émissions mondiales de carbone

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "science et avenire"

Selon un rapport de l’ONG internationale Carbon Disclosure Project, plus de 70 % des émissions de gaz à effet de serre émaneraient de seulement 100 entreprises.

Gaz à effet de serre

CARBONE. À elles seules, 100 entreprises seraient responsables de 71 % des émissions globales de gaz à effet de serre… et sans surprise, il s’agit principalement d’industries pétrolières : c’est ce que révèle un rapport de l’ONG Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) réalisé en collaboration avec le Climate Accountability Institute (CAI). Il s’appuie sur des données publiques s’étendant de 1988 à 2015. Une répartition d’autant plus disproportionnée que les 25 premières firmes du classement sont responsables de la moitié des émissions globales. Pour l’ONG, l’enjeu est désormais d’appeler les investisseurs, privés ou publics, à davantage de conscience environnementale en ne finançant pas les entreprises qui misent encore sur l’énergie fossile.

Des émissions estimées à partir de la production

“Agir pour le climat n’est plus uniquement le fait des politiques”, affirme Pedro Faria, directeur technique de CDP et auteur du rapport. “C’est aussi un mouvement porté par le public […], soutenu par les quantités croissantes de données ouvertement accessibles.” Car les chiffres officiels des émissions de gaz à effet de serre (GES) sont souvent recensées à large échelle, au niveau national par chaque pays. C’est afin d’offrir une vision différente que le CAI constitue sa propre base de données reliant émissions et sociétés, appelée “Carbon Majors”.

CALCUL. Pour son calcul des émissions de GES, l’ONG recourt à une méthode publiée en 2006 par le GIEC. Elle estime ainsi les émissions de chaque société à partir des chiffres de sa production, le plus souvent disponibles publiquement par exemple à travers des rapports annuels. La méthodologie distingue notamment différentes typologies d’hydrocarbures ou de charbons produits, ou encore le type d’application (par exemple, chauffage ou métallurgie).

Rediriger les investissements financiers pour décarboner l’économie

“Sur les 635 milliards de tonnes d’équivalent CO2 issues des 100 plus gros producteurs, 32% peuvent être rattachés à des investissements publics, 9% à des investissements privés, et même 59% à des investissements nationaux”, alerte le rapport. Parmi les sociétés privées les plus émettrices, on compte sans surprise ExxonMobil, Shell, BP, Chevron, Peabody, Total, ou BHP Billiton. Du côté des entreprises nationalisés, on compte évidemment l’Arabie Saoudite, la Russie, la Chine, ou encore l’Inde, avec Saudi Aramco, Gazprom, National Iranian Oil, Coal India, Pemex, et CNPC (PetroChina). Enfin, la production de charbon en Chine a été agrégée en incluant divers acteurs comme Shenhua Group, Datong Coal Mine Group, ou encore China National Coal Group. Au total, le charbon chinois est responsable de plus de 14% des émissions globales de gaz à effet de serre !

DÉSINVESTISSEMENTS. Une telle initiative s’inscrit dans le sillage du mouvement “Divest-Invest”, qui incite les institutions et les personnes à se désengager de leurs investissements dans les combustibles fossiles à haute intensité carbone, afin d’accélérer la transition énergétique vers des énergies propres. Car c’est aussi la quête de rentabilité des investisseurs, publics ou pricés, qui les fait miser sur le fossile… au péril de l’environnement.

What’s in your drinking water that’s causing sexual perturbations… ?

Another very important reason to choose organic over produce from intensive farming is to avoid the very dangerous Atrazine, among other threatening chemical pesticides, being widely used to ‘treat’ the fruits and vegetables that you eat.  Pesticide residues seep into lakes and rivers, terribly affecting the eco-system, as well as our drinking water.  Tyrone Hayes, a biologist and professor at the University of California has been warning people of these toxins that disrupt the endocrine system and are thus responsible for the catastrophy happening with frogs, where “many of the genetic males now are turning into females”.  Furthermore, Professor Hayes found that “the level of Atrazine that it took to make this male turn into a female is three times less than what’s allowed in drinking water” (the professor was referring to a male frog that started producing eggs and was mating with another male frog).  For humans, Atrazine is correlated to increased risk of low sperm count, low fertility, neuro-cognitive developmental problems in infants, breast cancer, prostate cancer and genital deformations.

atrazine-frogsimage source:  pbs.org

“Atrazine causes sexual abnormalities in frogs and could cause the same problems for humans” -Professor Hayes


Atrazine has been banned in Europe since 2003, but it is today, the second most widely used pesticide in North America.  Professor Hayes was once hired by Syngenta to study the effects of their product (Atrazine).  He was strategically asked to approve it, but after learning its grave effects, he instead found himself fighting against this multinational key player in the agro-chemical industry.

atrazine-drinking waterimage source:  globalnews.ca

It is imperative to stop Atrazine from causing more damage than it has already caused, but the multinational Syngenta keep lobbying their way into being approved by our governments!  However, if we, the consumers, start buying more and more organic produce, the demand for intensively cultivated products would dwindle, along with the production of chemical pesticides, such as Atrazine that are ruining our health and our environment.  The goal is to give them no choice but to stop production, all the while choosing healthier fruits and vegetables for our families.

There are also petitions you can sign to demand our governments to ban the use of this poison.  Click on the image links before to make your signature count.

atrazine-banning petition-canada

 

atrazine-banning petition-united states

Free Sunscreen Guide from EWG

With the summer season coming soon, we feel that it’s good timing to share the EWG’s (Environmental Working Group) guide to helping consumers make the right purchase when it comes to sunscreen.

Here at Consumers Vote, we appreciate EWG as their mission is to empower people to live healthier lives in a healthier environment. With breakthrough research and education, we drive consumer choice and civic action.

Click on the image below to be taken directly to their webpage where you will find their latest research on sunscreen, as well as some tips and guides to staying safe under the sun.

EWG sunscreenImage source:  EWG

The Multinationals that Put our Children at Risk

The following article is translated from its original publication in French, found here

Cash Investigation.  Chemical Products:  Our Children in Danger

Syngenta , Monsanto, Bayer and Dow– Perhaps, you didn’t know about them, but these are the multinationals in the agrochemical industry who manufacture pesticides used in agriculture. Their products are found in food, in tap water and even in the air we breathe.  Some are carcinogenic and neurotoxic, while others are endocrine disruptors, particularly dangerous for children.  “Cash Investigation” had access to a confidential database on pesticide sales in France, product by product, department by department, between 2008 and 2013. On average, there are nearly 65 000 tonnes of pure pesticides that are applied on our territory every year. Today, the Hexagon is the largest consumer of pesticides in Europe.

Dangerous molecules

Since 1980, childhood cancer has been increasing by 1% per year in France, with approximately 2,500 additional cases each year. This is the second cause of death in children.  Is there a link between these diseases and exposure to pesticides?  For scientists around the world, there is hardly any doubt.

Folpet produced by Bayer, atrazine by Syngenta or chlorpyrifos-ethyl from Dow Chemical; Behind these names unknown to the general public, are hidden molecules with proven health risks; Molecules that bring in billions of euros to multinationals.  After a year of investigation in France, Germany, Switzerland and the United States, “Cash investigation” reveals how certain products put our children in danger.

Democracy polluted by pesticides

The last part of the investigation led the team of “Cash Investigation” to Hawaii. The climate of this heavenly archipelago allows four harvests per year. This is why multinationals test their products here.  In what is probably the greatest open lab for GMO experimentation in the world, they make heavy use of pesticides. Here, there is ten times more birth defects than average in the United States. The mobilization of citizens pushed the local government to pass a law to limit the damages. Manufacturers immediately responded by attacking this law in court, and they won.  In Hawaii, in the great game of democracy, it is chemistry that prevails.